Psoriasis is a skin disease whose cure has not been found till date. This disease results in flaky and scaly skin, which is extremely itchy as well. It is a chronic, recurring, non-contagious skin disorder that is characterized by raised, thickened reddish patches on the skin covered with silvery-white scales that may vary in severity and affect any part of the body. Since affects a person appearance of a person, this could make them feel conscious about it.
Even though there is not full cure for it, various steps can be taken to control it and improve the general quality of life of the patient.
First and foremost thing to do is to quit smoking and quit alcohol, if the patient indulges in the two. Studies have shown that smoking and drinking aggravate psoriasis. Patients who quit smoking found their lesions clearing up faster. Alcohol is a trigger for psoriasis.
Patients should look after their skin, at all time. They should soak in oatmeal baths, as this helps. They should also apply emollients and moisturizers. Emollients soften the skin. Moisturizers lock in the skin’s own moisture to prevent dryness and cracking. One of the best ways to lock in moisture is to apply moisturizer after bathing. During flare ups, soaking in a tub with at least 1kg of Dead Sea salt will help control psoriasis from getting worse. Petroleum jelly or Vaseline can be the simplest solution. It is readily available and applying it after taking a bath will show a difference as the jelly will help lock in the moisture and not make the skin dry. Applying coal tar can also provide relief but too much should not be applied. Taking neem baths should help too, or using soap that has neem in it, as neem is a natural anti oxidant and has proven to relieve many skin problems.
People suffering from psoriasis should apply sunscreen 20 minutes before they step out in the sun. This protects the sensitive parts of the skin affected by psoriasis. The sun can also cause sunburns which would then result in worsening of psoriasis. But it has also been seen that a few minutes a day in the sun can do wonders to control psoriasis.
Psoriasis patients should not take on stress and make sure they reduce stressors in life. It has been seen that stress increases and worsens psoriasis. Any negative signal from the brain can trigger psoriasis. Patients need to keep a positive attitude towards life.
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